Climate Modification and Volcanoes

Climate modification is a multi-faceted and complex subject. In this article, we take a look at the relationship between climate modification and volcanoes.

Climate Modification and Volcanoes

The climate modification debate is a nasty one. Parties pick their positions, dig in and refuse to listen to the rants of the other side. Lost in the yelling is the simple fact that climate modification is a natural phenomenon to some extent. For proof, we need merely look at the materials kicked out by volcanoes.

It is an undeniable fact of the earth record that volcanoes have changed the climate during certain periods. Small explosions don’t have much impact, but large explosions send massive amounts of material and gases into the atmosphere. The gases include carbon dioxide, the ultimate bugaboo greenhouse gas. Beyond these gases, however, volcanoes can kick out so much debris and ash that the material in the atmosphere can actually block out the sun or reduce the warming effect.

Mount St. Helens is the most studied and well known recent eruption. Unless you have been meditating in a cave for the last 20 years, you know that the volcano exploded on May 18, 1980. The eruption was powerful enough to flatten everything for 17 miles, immediately turning 10 million trees into so much firewood. The huge volcanic ash cloud stretched halfway across the United States, but barely had an impact on global temperatures.

In contrast, the eruption of the El Chichon volcano in 1982 had a measurable climate impact. El Chichon is located in Mexico and was a much smaller eruption than Mount St. Helens. Still, the average temperature around the globe cooled by one degree. What scientist learned is the climate modification impact of volcanoes is highly dependent on the type of explosion. The materials from Mount St. Helens fell out of the atmosphere quickly, while El Chichon belched enormous amounts of sulfur that remained in the atmosphere for much longer.

One of the problems with climate modification is it occurs over a relatively long period of time. Since we started paying attention to the situation, we have not had a chance to see the impact of a major eruption. The stuff we see on television is really small potatoes compared to historically eruptions of note. For example, Mount St. Helens threw roughly a half a cubic mile of material into the air. In 1815, a volcano in Indonesia belched 24 cubic miles of material into the atmosphere. Obviously, one has to imagine it impacted the climate of the earth.

Is there a relationship between climate modification and volcanoes? Undoubtedly. From what we see, however, the relationship is generally of a short duration and not an explanation for the rising temperatures we are seeing currently.

Rick Chapo is with SolarCompanies.com, a directory of solar energy companies. Visit us to read more articles on solar power and global warming and volcanoes.

Premium Finance – Wealth Creation Calculator

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The Premium Finance wealth creation calculator can help you choose the right investments to make. Why settle for complicated wealth creation calculators when you can have an easy-to-use and highly efficient calculator right at your fingertips?
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Nintendo’s Draconian Stance Against System Modification

Nintendo is one of the most creative and innovative video game companies in the world, but their stance against modifications of their products is nothing short of Draconian. In short, Nintendo says there is no legitimate purpose for game copying devices, emulators, and modification (mod) chips or other devices that enable homebrew applications. Sony and Microsoft have similar stances, but are a little more discreet in expressing their disdain for such devices, though no less aggressive in filing lawsuits against large-scale distributors of such devices.

Nintendo’s own legal information FAQ states, “Mod chips circumvent the security embedded into Nintendo’s products. To install the mod chips into a Nintendo hardware system, it is necessary to dismantle the product and, in some instances, remove components.” Nintendo automatically equates using mod chips with circumventing security of NINTENDO’S products. This is an interesting view considering most of us believe that once we buy a product it is now OUR product and not the manufacturer’s. Can you imagine a car manufacturer asserting similar claims? Ford could claim that changing out the computer chip in your car circumvents the security on FORD’S product. However, most of us believe that once you pay for a vehicle it is yours to alter in most any way you choose. Nintendo claims exceptions for video game consoles that few other companies would dare claim. Nintendo claims that even though you bought the product, it still belongs to Nintendo and that altering it, no matter the reason, somehow damages Nintendo. They want the very act of altering the device to be illegal even without proof of criminal use of the modified product.

Just because a game system modification enables illegal activity does not mean it will be used for the purpose. Using the car metaphor from earlier, just because I could modify my Ford vehicle to greatly exceed the speed limit does not mean I will blow through a school zone doing 88 mph. Just because I modify my Nintendo game system does not mean I will use it to illegally copy and/or distribute games.

In almost any area outside of the video games industry, making a modification to your property would not be illegal, even if that modification could enable the performance of an illegal act. Nintendo acknowledges only one use for these devices, and that is the illegal copying and distribution of video games. This view discounts the numerous legitimate uses for modification devices. For instance, many people use their Nintendo handhelds to read classic literature. This requires the use of devices Nintendo claims are only used for piracy.

Making it illegal to modify a product you paid for is absurd. Unfortunately, if Nintendo has its way, you will pay for a device and not legally be allowed to use it for anything for which Nintendo does not approve.

Pit Bike Modification

These bikes have some very restrictive parts fitted when standard and therefore the first move is to try to remove these parts for better ones. The carburettors and air filters on these bikes mean that fuel and air supply to the engine are limited and therefore the ride will not be as smooth or as powerful because of this.

The first thing to do then is to buy a new race carb, these can be purchased off some websites for around 40-50, this is quite cheap considering the gain in performance it could achieve. After this has been fitted it is a good idea to derestrict the airflow with a free flow air filter (K&N style). This will add extra horsepower to your pit bike and give a great performance boost.

The next part which I would change would be the exhaust and manifold, which are again very restrictive to the engines of these bikes. A performance exhaust can be found on some sites for around 50 but can also retail at a few hundred pounds so be sure to shop around first.

Once these modifications have been made there will be a great power difference increasing low and mid range power as well as top end.

However there is still more to do in order to get the most out of your pit bike, in pit bikes the CDI unit is often restricted. The limiter on these are usually set around 8,500 rpm which means you will not be getting the most out of your bike if this is left standard.

A performance CDI unit can be purchased for these bikes which will mean that these bikes can now rev freely up to about 10,000 rpm which will mean smoother power curves and better acceleration and top end.

Adjustments can be made to the gearing of these bikes as well, in order for you to adjust this depending on the style of track you will be riding on. The best thing to do to change the gearing of the bike is to experiment with the set up of the sprockets. Standard sprockets are usually 14 tooth on the front, with a 37-40 tooth sprocket on the back.

Changing the front sprocket with a larger one will result in better top end, and a smaller rear sprocket will have the same effect, however acceleration will be lost when top end is gained and vice versa.

For more information on modifying pit bikes, or for details of parts for sale which will increase the power of your pit bike then visit www.minimotosgo.com and take a look for yourself.

Is Buying Gold As An Investment Wise

Lately, gold as an investment has become a hot commodity. The ever-rising prices of gold have turned them into the best investment option. Though one can put the money in this expensive metal without any type of fear but still one must have some knowledge about this precious yellow metal.

There are concerns amongst investors when buying gold, just as there are concerns when putting money into any investment asset. However, many of these have benefits. When prices of the metal rise when the dollar goes down. These two have the inverse relationship between them. The weaker dollar or the unstable stock market makes it more expensive. So, most of the people like to invest in gold instead of the other sources. The stock market doesnt remain stable all the time and also makes for the unsecured investment. On the other hand, the expensive metals procure their value and mostly provide the good returns.

Gold is also liquidity and ease to sell. Buy gold coins to increase the returns value. These usually have the numismatic value and are more expensive than the bars. Over the time these yield more value than any other commodity. The historical coins never go for less if maintained in the perfect condition. Also these can be sold very easily owing to the higher liquidity.
When investors buy physical gold, they are reserving wealth by buying gold coins and bars. Gold coins give the opportunity to preserve the wealth from the economic downturn or inflation. These have the intrinsic value so one can rely on them during the adverse situations also. They wont become valueless under any circumstances. The yellow metal also doesnt rust and one can keep them safely in a secure storage safe.

Financial future security is another key fundamental when buying gold as an investment. Gold has proven to provide one of the best financial security for the future. As one can keep them for a long period of time because the metal doesnt deteriorate with time so it makes the future of the person secure. The financial security also gives the peace and prosperity in life.

Cult Wines Ltd – best place for fine wine investment

People are always looking for some new investment sector as per their risk appetite. Yeah many times wrong investment can burn all hard work into ash. So, after having a big recession and still Europe economic crisis on the go one always look for safe investment. In last decade one sector has outperformed in an all recession and it is wine investment and fine wine investment.

Before doing any investment there is certain thing which is very important to take care to be safe and secure. One must have to identify some risk factors and all. So first step is to decide on which sector you want to invest then how much amount, and would you like e o one amount or you want systematic investment plan.

Timing of investment is also plays a big role in high return on investment. The most important point is that when you are investing, the time is very important; its totally depending upon current market condition. If you have analysis of market condition you would opt for wine investment. Look at the statistics for wine investment In UK, before a decade, fine wine portfolio was around 10000 and after decade it is almost 50000.

Wine investment will not have adverse effect if any economic crisis happens globally. As we can see in last recession wine investment standout and gave high return. So one can easily say wine investment can give return even in recession. In last 10 years wine investment has given 900% return which is really impressive and attractive.

Cult wines Ltd is the leader where you can get the rarest wines at very competitive rate and if anyone wants to go to the most safe and secure investment than will preference go to the Cult Wines Ltd also Cult Wines Ltd provides solutions for sourcing, investing, storing, selling and consuming Fine Wine of any kind to the investors or for any type of businessman. Cult Wines Ltd provides the fined tuned portfolio mainly designed for high capital growth and accounts and regulated mostly at warehouses. Cult Wines Ltd mainly deals with active foreign and domestic holdings and if any beginner wants to invest in the market than no safe investment except in wines and Cult Wines Ltd where you will get higher returns on investments and also provides the portfolio management services.

So far by this information I hope one can easily take decision for wine investment and Cult wines ltd can help you to build right wine portfolio.

Writing An Effective Hardship Letter To Avail Loan Modification

A hardship letter is the most important piece of document required to apply for loan modification. Its substance and validity will make or break an attempt for a loan workout. This is a letter basically contains an explanation why there is a difficulty of settling mortgage amortization. It is only fitting to compose this letter carefully.

When writing a hardship letter, its important to remember to keep it short, concise but not arrogant. A one to two pages maximum letter is strongly advised. Take note that a lender does not have the luxury of time to read a novel-like hardship letter. This letter serves as outline of ones difficulty to pay for periodic amortization, so it should be direct.

Like any letter, begin with a proper salutation, use font type and size reasonably easier to read. Letter size or 8.5 by 11 inches will be the papers size; otherwise an A4 sized paper can be used.

Bear also in mind that there is a clear definition of the term “hardship” for availing loan modification. Such hardship should fall under listed by mortgage lenders. Such as bankruptcy of business, immediate relocation, or divorce from a spouse who is the co-borrower. There are still more to this, to be sure homeowners should check with their lender.

In the actual writing, the first sentence should tell why such letter is written. This may include the explanation that after all possible ways were exhausted theres still failure to meet with mortgage payments. Much of this should be in the first paragraph of the letter.

The second paragraph should describe the events that affected failure to make regular payments. This description should be done tastefully without being overly dramatic. Overly thought out explanation might appear deliberate and fake. Additional paragraph might be added to explain the intent for loan modification pursuant to financial difficulty.

It is also wise to give approximate, if not exact, duration of the hardship period. This will be the basis for the mortgage lenders to get a head start with its response for loan modification. The last paragraph should emphasize the desire to settle the loan, but asking for leeway, for the time being.

Then end the letter with parting words hoping for a loan modification, which will be favorable to both parties. It is also wise to mention about attachments to the hardship letter, which are proofs of financial difficulty claim.

Home Loan Modification – What Is It and How Can It Help You Fix Your Mortgage

Home loan modification is a term used to determine a process that you can go through whenever you are burdened with paying off your mortgage. This process is used by a lot of people, because it allows them to modify the terms of their mortgage, making it favorable for both the lender and debtor.

Believe it or not, there are millions of property owners who are having problems when dealing with their mortgage. Some people even resort to filing bankruptcy, which should only be used when all available methods have failed. Home loan modification is rapidly becoming popular among mortgage holders, because it helps them ease the terms of their mortgage without damaging their reputation as debtors.

Applying for a home loan modification has a lot of benefits like reducing the interest rates that are being charged to you monthly, reducing your principal balance, you can also change the terms from adjustable mortgage to a fixed mortgage rate, and you can ultimately increase the duration of your loan.

If you are going to ask a bank, they will never advise you to apply for a home loan modification due to obvious reasons – they will earn a lot less if you are paying under a modified term compared to paying for your original mortgage terms. This is also the reason why there are a lot of mortgage holders who are not familiar with this method.

A typical modified loan takes 30-90 days to complete and make sure that you are paying all obligations during that time. This will slightly increase your chances of getting the loan modification approved. You also need to keep all the documents and statements that you have received from your lender because these documents are often required when applying for a modified loan.

If you are looking for a company that will help you apply for a mortgage modification, then you can start searching the Internet. There are a lot of companies who are willing to help people like you to ease the burdens of their mortgages. Just make sure that you pick the right company. Always look for the testimonials and feedback from past clients to determine whether a particular company is really capable of helping you with your mortgage.

For detailed facts and essential tips about how you can be approved for a loan modification, visit this simple, easy to understand loan modification guide and resource:

A Market Data APIMaking an Interactive Financial Information Display Possible on Your Website

Why do you need a market data API in order to display financial data on your website? An API is an Application Programming Interface, an essential part of the interactivity of Web 2.0. A programming interface is like a foreign language translator-It allows one computer operating on one system to talk to another computer operating on another system. Imagine how complex this can be when computer systems are communicating with market data. When you are providing financial information on your website for your visitors, APIs are necessary to display all but static, non-changing information.

Look for a market data solutions provider that can offer several different code-based APIs or SDKs (Software Development Kits) to ensure that you can connect with data feeds and tickers for real-time, delayed, end of day, and historical information. Having access to a .Net, Java, or COM/Win32 API will make this communication more easeful. APIs should have both a server side component as well as a client-side component.

Sample code should be provided with source code available for your tech team.

Consult with your tech team first to determine whether your system would most easily connect to a .NET, Java, or COM/Win32 API. Then find the market data solution firm that can provide the appropriate API for your system. If you need a .NET API to receive market data, make sure it is written in fully manageable C# code and built within a .NET 2.0 framework. If it is a Java API that you need, of course, make sure it is written in pure Java. No external native libraries will be needed. The Legacy COM/WIN32 API should be available from your market data solutions firm if your system requires this type of interface.

If this all sounds like a lot of mumbo jumbo to you, just make sure that the market data solutions company that you select offers complete code samples, documentation, and complete customized tech support, regardless of the market data API available. Broadcast feeds should come in a format that compresses and consolidates direct feeds from any exchange. Check to be certain that they offer financial data feeds in raw or original exchange format, utilizing HTTP transfer in XML, CSV, and FTP. And most importantly, make sure that the data you receive is the most timely, accurate data available. Your data solutions firm must provide reliable figures, with transactions, inserts, and corrections reported as they are reported by the exchanges. Visit BarchartMarketData.com, where you’ll find more information about each marketdata API available and how to get started on posting your own white-label financial data feed on your company’s website.

Colin Snider lives in New Orleans, Louisiana. He is a promoter for local venues, including concert venues and clubs, in the city. Football is his favorite sport and he is a hardcore Saints fan. He also enjoys trading and investing in the stock market and relies of end of day data to make financial decisions

Heavy Construction Equipment Leasing- Advantages And Finance Options

Equipment leasing is a simple solution to grow your business with an ever changing economy. You can lease any and every type of equipment. In this article, emphasis will be on heavy construction equipment leasing.

To keep money free up in terms of the company’s line of credit, leasing is cheapest and best option for construction companies. So cash will be available in case of financial emergency or any other time of need. It is the most beneficial managerial and financial strategy to conserve working capital for any company. It resolves issues related to cyclical and seasonal fluctuations by slotting your payments into the months when your business’ sales are on peak. Furthermore, a lot of companies in construction opt for leasing as a good alternative in acquiring equipment to buying. There are advantages of heavy construction equipment leasing, which are:-

1.Your have a stable cash flow.
2.Assets are well managed.
3.Up gradation of Equipments can be done easily.
4.Customized payment structures.
5.Give more flexibility than bank loans or purchases.
6.Flexible end term options.

To get a better deal, you should know about the construction equipment finance. Search well for the financing options available in the market. You stand to gain many benefits: tax deductions, write-offs, more predictable cash flow for more accurate fiscal planning, and faster approval than other financing options. Few types of equipment that come under heavy construction equipment leasing are

1.Bulldozers
2.Cranes
3.Back Hoes
4.Cement Trucks
5.Concrete Equipment.
6.Excavators
7.Trucks and Trailers
8.Crawlers
9.Crushers Graders
10.Logging Equipment
11.Wheel Loaders
12.Specialty Vehicles
And more…

Financing amounts can normally be approved without tax returns or financial statements. It normally takes s a day to get your application approved. There are basically two types of financing available:-

Finance leases -: These leases are best if you intend to keep the equipment at the end of the lease. This is because they include the option to purchase the equipment at the end of the lease. These leases are also known by type names of capital leases, conditional sales, or dollar buy out leases in the market.

True leases-: These are also called tax leases, operating leases, or FMV (fair market value) leases. Theses usually do not span the full expected life of the equipment. At the end of the lease, you can choose to walk away from the equipment or purchase it at fair market value. Payments on true leases generally tend to be lower than those on finance leases. This is because lessors have the opportunity to resell the heavy equipment when the lease ends.